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 All about Budgerigar

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PostSubject: All about Budgerigar   Tue Feb 09, 2010 4:34 pm

Budgerigar


Budgerigar[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
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Male at [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], Germany
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[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] ([You must be registered and logged in to see this link.])[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
Kingdom:[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
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Genus:Melopsittacus
[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], 1840
Species:M. undulatus
Melopsittacus undulatus
([You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], 1805)
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The budgerigar's natural habitat is coloured in red
The Budgerigar (pronounced [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]) or Common Pet Parakeet (Melopsittacus undulatus), often called a budgie or parakeet, is a small [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and the only species in the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] genus Melopsittacus. A small long-tailed predominantly green and yellow bird with black scalloped markings on the wings and shoulders in the wild, the Budgerigar has been bred extensively with a profusion of colour forms resulting. Thus, aviary birds may be blue and white, all yellow, all white, or various other combinations thereof. Some have even been bred with small crests. In the wild, it is a predominantly seed-eating species. The budgerigar is found throughout the drier parts of [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and has survived for the last five million years in the harsh inland conditions of that [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.].[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
The budgerigar is closely related to the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.].[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] Although budgerigars are often, especially in [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], called [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], this term refers to any of a number of small parrots with long flat tails.

Contents




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Etymology


Alternative common names include Shell Parrot, Warbling Grass parakeet, Canary Parrot, Zebra parrot, Flight Bird, Scallop Parrot and the alternate spellings Budgerygah and Betcherrygah.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] Although more applicable to members of the genus [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], the name Lovebird has been applied to them from their habit of mutual preening.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
Several possible origins for the English name budgerigar have been proposed:

The Budgerigar was first described by [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] in 1805, and given its current binomial name by [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] in 1840. The genus name Melopsittacus comes from [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and means "melodious parrot".[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] The species name undulatus is [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] for "undulated" or "wave-patterned".[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
Evolutionary history


Evolutionary history




























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Budgerigar


[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] s.s. ([You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.])

Phylogenetic position of the Budgerigar.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
Traditionally, the budgerigar was thought to be the link between the genera [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] based on the barred plumage.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] However, recent [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] studies using DNA sequences place the budgerigar very close the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] ([You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]) and the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] (tribe [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]).[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]

Anatomy and physiology

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The anatomy of a male budgerigar.



Budgerigars in their natural-habitats of Australia average 18 cm (7 in) long, weigh 30-40 [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], and display a light green body colour (abdomen and rumps), while their mantle (back and wing coverts) display pitch-black mantle markings (blackish in fledgelings and immatures) edged in clear yellow undulations. The forehead and face is yellow in adults but with blackish stripes down to the cere in young individuals until they change into their adult [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] around 3–4 months of age. They display small purple patches (called cheek patches) and a series of 3 black spots across each sides of their throats (called throat-spots) of which the 2 outermost throat-spots are situated at the base of each cheek-patches. The tail is cobalt (dark-blue); outside tail [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] display central yellow flashes. Their wings have greenish-black flight feathers and black coverts with yellow fringes along with central yellow flashes which only becomes visible in flight and/or when the wings are stretched. Bills are olive grey and legs blueish-grey, with [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] toes.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.].
Budgerigars in their natural habitat in Australia are noticeably smaller than those in captivity. This particular parrot species has been bred in many other colours and shades in captivity (i.e. blue, grey, greygreen, pieds, violet, white, yellowblue) although they are mostly found in pet stores in blue, green and yellow. Budgerigar plumage is known to fluoresce under ultraviolet light (as most other parrot species do as well), a phenomenon possibly related to [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and mate selection.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
The colour of the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] (the area containing the nostrils) differs between the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]; royal blue in males, pale-brown to white ([You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]) or brown ([You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]) in females and pink in immatures of both sexes (usually of a more even purplish-pink colour in young males). Some female budgerigars develop brown cere only during breeding time and it later disappears. Young females can often be identified by a subtle chalky whiteness that starts around the cere nostril holes. Males that are either [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and/or [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] (aka Danishpied aka Harlequin) always retain the immature purplish-pink cere colour their entire life.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
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Budgerigar flock in the wild (SW [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.])



It is usually easy to tell the sex of a Budgie over 6 months old, mainly by the cere colours but behaviours and head shape also help indicate Budgie's genders.
Mature males' ceres are usually light to dark blue but can be purplish to pink in some particular colour mutations (DarkEyedClears, Danishpieds aka Recessivepieds and Inos) and usually display much rounder heads. Males are typically cheerful, extraverted, highly flirtatious, most peacefully social and very vocal.
Females' ceres are pinkish as immatures and switch from being beigish or whitish outside breeding condition into brown (often with a 'crusty' texture) in breeding condition and usually display flattened back of heads (right above the nape region). Females are typically highly dominant and more socially intolerant.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]

Vision


Like many birds, budgerigars have [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], but all four classes of [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] operating simultaneously requires the full spectrum provided by [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.].[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] Additionally, budgerigars have been known to see in the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] spectrum, which brightens up their feathers to attract mates. The throat-spots in budgerigars have been most notable for reflecting UVs[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and for identifying one bird from the other.
Ecology

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Female Budgerigar at [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.].



Budgerigars are nomadic birds found in open habitats, primarily in Australian [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], open [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]. The birds are normally found in small [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], but can form very large flocks under favourable conditions. The species is extremely nomadic and the movement of the flocks is tied to the availability of [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.].[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] can drive flocks into more wooded habitat or coastal areas. They feed on the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] of [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], and sometimes ripening [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.].[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
Naturalised [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] budgerigars have been recorded since the 1940s in the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] area of the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], but are much less common than they were in the early 1980s. Increased competition from [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] is thought to be primary cause of the population decline.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]

Aviculture

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Pet budgerigars



The budgerigar is one of only two [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] species to be genuinely [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] along with the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] (Agapornis roseicollis).[[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]] It is widely acknowledged as the most common pet parrot in the world and possibly the most common cage bird. The budgerigar has been bred in captivity since the 1850s. Breeders have worked over the decades to produce a wide range of colour, pattern and feather mutations, such as [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], cinnamon-ino (aka lacewinged), clearwinged, crested, [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], greywinged, opaline, pieds, spangled, [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], and [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.].
Standard-type (aka English or "show") budgerigars are about twice as large as their wild-type (natural form and sized) counterparts. Their overall larger sizes and puffy head feathers give them boldly exaggerated looks. The [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] can be almost totally obscured by their fluffed head's and forehead's feathers. English budgerigars are typically higher in price than wild-type birds and typically have a shorter life span of 7–9 years. Breeders of English Budgerigars will often exhibit their birds at animal shows. Most captive budgerigars in the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] trade are similar in size and body conformation to wild occurring budgerigars and thus aptly called wild-type budgerigars.
Budgerigars are intelligent and social animals and enjoy the stimulation of [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and interaction with humans as well as with other budgerigars. A common behavior is the chewing of material such as [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], especially for female budgerigars. When a budgerigar feels threatened they will try to perch as high as possible from the ground and may make themselves appear thin by bringing their feathers close to their body.
Tame budgerigars can be taught to [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] tunes, and play with humans. Both males and females sing and can learn to mimic sounds and words and do simple tricks. Both singing and mimicry are more pronounced and much more perfected in males. As a whole, females rarely if ever learn to mimic more than a dozen words or so. Males can very easily acquire vocabularies ranging between a few dozen to a hundred words. Generally speaking, it is mostly pet budgerigars (and even more so lone pets) and thus, receiving the most attention which talk the best and the most.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
A flock of budgerigars in an [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]



In captivity, budgerigars live an average of five to eight years, but are reported to occasionally live to 15-20 if well cared for.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] The life span depends on each particular budgerigar's breed (show budgerigars typically do not live as long as wild-type budgerigars), lineage and overall health, which is highly influenced by [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and diet.
Budgerigars (as do most other parrot species) and most particularly females enjoy chewing on anything they can find in their cages and environments. This comes from the females' instinct in adapting by gnawing the all around interior of existing wild bird's nests. Mineral-blocks (ideally enriched with iodine) and [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and soft wooden pieces must be provided to help them satisfy their desire to chew and keep their beaks trimmed.
Bird lovers often comment on the differences in personality in each individual bird. Budgerigars each have their own unique ideas about how much they like to be handled, which toys are their favorites, and even what music they like or are indifferent to.
Budgerigars have been shown to cause "[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]" in sensitive people, a type of [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.].[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] This is primarily an issue with people keeping large numbers of budgerigars within a bird room.
Cage requirements


Budgerigars are small but are very active, energetic, and lively birds. The absolute minimum size cage for one or two tame pet budgerigars that are allowed out for several hours a day is 18 inches (46 cm) long by 18 inches wide[[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]]. However, larger cages and flights will be appreciated by these energetic little birds. An ideal cage is longer than high (since birds fly horizontally like planes and not vertically like helicopters) and would be at least 30 inches (76 cm) long.[[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]] The cage should not have bar spacing greater than 1/2 inch between bars. Budgerigars are not particularly destructive birds, and spacious cages, while not always easy to find, are usually not overly expensive.
Care should be taken when placing several female budgerigars together, as they can do serious harm to one another if they do not get along.
Diet


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Food variety sold for parakeets. [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] is the primary ingredient in budgerigar pet mix.


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Pet budgerigars eating fruit



Although budgerigars in their natural-habitats of Australia eat mainly [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], captive budgerigars feed on either dry, sprouted and/or soaked seeds. A diet of only dry seeds is inadequate for budgerigars and/or any parrot species' optimum health. [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] recommend pet birds' diets be supplemented with foods such as:

  • Whole Cereals and whole Grains : Amaranth, Barley, Couscous, Flax, whole-grain Pastas, Oat, Quinoa (truly a Fruit but used as a Cereal), whole-Wheat, Wild-Rice, whole Rices.


  • Edible Blossoms and Flowers: Carnations, Chamomille, Chives, Dandelion, Day Lilies, Eucalyptus, Fruit tree's blossoms, Herbs' blossoms, Hibiscus, Honeysuckle, Impatiens, Lilac, Nasturiums, Pansies, Passion Flower (Passiflora), Roses, Sunflowers, Tulips, Violets. Note that the leaves of some of these plants are poisonous to budgies.


  • Greens and/or Weeds:

    • mainly ; Bok-Choi, Broccoli and/or Cauliflower leaves, Cabbage leaves, Collard greens, Dandelion leaves, Kelp, Mustard leaves, Seaweeds, Spirulina, Water cress.
    • occasionally and sporadically ; Amaranth leaves, Beet leaves, Carambola (Starfruit), Chards, Parsley, Spinach and Turnip leaves. All of these feature high Oxalic-Acid contents that induces production of Calcium Oxalates (crystals/stones) by binding Calcium and other trace Minerals present in foods and goods with which they're ingested. Possibly, leading to Calcium deficiencies and/or Hypocalcemia in minor cases. Liver's &/or other internal organs' damage or failure in more severe cases.






  • [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] (except [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] which are toxic): all Apple varieties, Banana, all Berries varieties, all Citrus varieties, Grapes, Kiwi, Mango, Melons, Nectarine, Papaya, Peach, all Pear varieties, Plum, Star-fruit. Pits and seeds from every Citrus and Drupe species must always be discarded as they are intoxicating. However, achenes and tiny seeds from pseudo and true Berries (Bananas, Blueberries, Elderberries, Eggplants, Persimmons, Pomegranates, Raspberries, Strawberries, Tomatoes) are all okay.


  • [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]: Almonds, Beans, Lentils, Peas, Nuts and Tofu.


  • Grain and/or Legume sprouts: Adzuki beans, Alfalfa beans, Buckwheat, Lentils, Mungo beans, Pinto beans, Red Kidney beans, Sesame seeds, Sunflower seeds. Caution with only Lima and Navy beans' sprouts which are toxic.


  • Vegetables (except Uncooked Potatoes, Uncooked Onions and all Mushrooms): Beet, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Carrots, Cucumber, all Cabbage varieties, fresh Beans, fresh Romane Lettuce, fresh Peas, Parsnip, all Pepper varieties, all Squash varieties, Sweet potatoes, Tomato, Turnip, Yams, Zucchini.


  • [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] specifically formulated for budgerigars, for Australian grass budgerigars and/or for small parrots are all healthy additions.


  • Other fat-free, healthy and nutritious human foods.

Adding these foods provides additional [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and can prevent [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], as can substituting [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], which is relatively low in [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], for higher-fat seed mixes. Adult budgerigars often do not always adapt readily to dietary additions, so care must be taken to introduce healthy diets as young as possible (ideally weaned onto fresh foods before introducing chicks onto seeds). Parrots and budgerigars learn mainly by mimicry and thus most adult budgerigars will be easily encouraged to try new foods by observing another bird eating the food, or by placing the new food on a mirror.
Parrot species (including budgerigars) are [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]. Consequently, they should be fed plant-based diets that are ideally supplemented with vegetable proteins, for example, produced by a combination of any type of [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] with any type of [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]. Eggs (hard-boiled and/or scrambled) are the only appropriately healthy source of animal protein, mostly for birds in either breeding, growing, moulting and/or recovering conditions. High levels of proteins (particularly animal proteins) are unhealthy for budgerigars and other Grass Parakeet species living under any alternate conditions (i.e. non-breeding, pets).
[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], products containing [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] present a danger of toxicosis and should not be fed.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
Breeding

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Head detail of a male Budgerigar.



Breeding in the wild generally takes place between June and September in northern Australia and between August and January in the south, although budgerigars are [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and respond to rains when grass seeds become most abundant.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] Budgerigars show signs of affection to their flockmates by preening or feeding one another. Budgerigars feed one another by eating the seeds themselves, and then regurgitating it into their flockmates' mouth. Populations in some areas have increased as a result of increased water availability at [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]. [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] are made in holes in trees, fence posts, or even logs lying on the ground; the 4-6 eggs are incubated for 18–21 days, with the young [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] about 30 days after hatching.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
In the wild, virtually all parrot species require a hollow tree or a hollow log as a nest site. Because of this natural behavior, budgerigars most easily breed in captivity when provided with a nest box. The eggs are typically 1 to 2 centimetres long and are plain white without any coloration. Female budgerigars can lay eggs without a male partner but these eggs are unfertilized and will not hatch. When the female is laying eggs her cere turns a crusty brown color. A female budgerigar will lay her eggs on alternate days.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] After the first one, there is usually a two-day gap until the next. She will usually lay between four to eight eggs, which she will incubate (usually starting after laying her 2nd or 3rd) for about 21 days each.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] Female Budgerigar only leave their nests for very quick defecations and stretches once they've begun incubating and are by then almost exclusively fed by their mate (usually at the nest's entrance).[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] Depending on the clutch size and the beginning of incubation, the age difference between the first and last [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] can be anywhere from 9 to 16 days.
Breeding problems

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Female Budgerigar, nominate colouring



Breeding difficulties arise for various reasons. Some chicks may [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] from [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and attacks from adults. Other budgerigars (virtually always females) may fight over the nest box, attacking each other or a brood. Sometimes budgerigars (mainly males) are not interested in the opposite gender, and will not reproduce with them. Sometimes a flock setting—several pairs housed where they can see and hear each other—is necessary to stimulate breeding. Another problem may be the birds' beak being under lapped. This is where the lower mandible is above the upper mandible.
It is very important to realize that most health issues and physical abnormalities in budgerigars are genetic. Care should be taken that birds used for breeding are active, healthy, and unrelated. Budgerigars that are related or who have fatty tumours or other potentially genetic health problems should not be allowed to breed. Parasites (lice, mites, worms) and pathogens (bacteria, fungi and viruses), are contagious and thus transmitted between individuals through either direct or indirect contact. Nestboxes should be cleaned between uses.
Splay leg, a relatively common problem in baby budgerigars – in which one of the budgerigar's legs is bent outward, preventing it from being able to stand properly and compete with the other chicks for food and can also lead to difficulties in reproducing in adulthood, results from young budgerigars slipping repeatedly on the floor of a nestbox. It is easily avoided by placing a small quantity of a safe bedding or wood shavings in the bottom of the nestbox. Alternatively, several pieces of paper may be placed in the box for the female to chew into bedding.
Development

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A baby chick 11 days old. (more)


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Juvenile Budgerigars



The eggs will take about 18–20 days before they start hatching. The hatchlings are [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] – blind, naked, totally helpless, and their mother feeds them and keeps them warm around the clock day and night. Around 10 days of age, the chicks' eyes will open, and they will start to develop feather down. The appearance of down occurs precisely at the ages (around 9 or 10 days of age) for closed banding of the chicks. Budgerigar's closed band rings must be neither larger or smaller than 4.0 to 4.2 mm.
They develop feathers around 3 weeks of age. (One can often easily note the colour mutation of the individual birds at this point.) At this stage of the chicks' development, the male usually has begun to enter the nest to help his female in caring and feeding the chicks. Some budgerigar females, however, totally forbid the male from entering the nest and thus take the full responsibility of rearing the chicks until they fledge.
Depending on the size of the clutch and most particularly in the case of single mothers, it may then be wise to transfer a portion of the hatchlings (or best of the fertile eggs) to another pair. The foster pair must already be in breeding mode and thus either at the laying or incubating stages and/or rearing hatchlings.
As the chicks develop and grow feathers, they are able to be left on their own for longer and longer periods of time. By the fifth week, the chicks are strong enough that both parents will be comfortable in staying more and more out of the nest. The youngsters will stretch their wings to gain strength before they attempt to [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]. They will also help defend the box from enemies mostly with their loud screeching. Young budgerigars typically fledge (leave the nest) around their fifth week of age and are usually completely weaned a week later. However, the age for fledging as well as weaning can vary slightly depending on whether it is the oldest, the youngest and/or the only surviving chick. Generally speaking, the oldest chick is the first to be weaned. But even though it is logically the last one to be weaned, the youngest chick is often weaned at a younger age than its older sibling(s). This can be a result of mimicking the actions of older siblings. Lone surviving chicks are often weaned at the youngest possible age as a result of having their parent's full attention and care.
Hand-reared Budgies may take slightly longer to wean than parent-raised chicks. Hand feeding is not routinely done with budgerigars, due to their small size, and the fact that young parent raised birds can be readily tamed.
Colour mutations

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Adult females (top) display beige to brown ceres while adult males (bottom) typically have blue ceres or purplish-pink in Albinistic and recessive-pied varieties.



All captive budgerigars are divided into two basic series of colours; namely, white-based (i.e. blue, grey & white budgerigars) and/or yellow-based (i.e. green, greygreen & yellow budgerigars). There are presently at least 32 primary [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] in the budgerigar, enabling hundreds of possible secondary mutations (stable combined primary mutations) and colour varieties (unstable combined mutations).
Human speech


Male specimens of budgerigars are considered one of the top five talking champions amongst parrot species, alongside the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] species, the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.].[[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]]
A budgerigar named Puck holds the world record for the largest vocabulary of any bird, at 1,728 words. Puck, a male budgerigar owned by American Camille Jordan, died in 1994, with the record first appearing in the 1995 edition of [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.].[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
In 2001, recordings of a budgerigar called Victor got some attention from the media. Victor's owner, Ryan B. Reynolds of Canada, states that Victor was able to engage in contextual conversation and predict the future.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
Though some believe the animal was able to predict his own death as was claimed[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], further study on the subject is difficult without the bird. The recordings still remain to be proven or disproven by scientific analysis.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] Critics argue that Victor's speech in the recordings is not coherent enough to be determined as spoken in context.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]


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PostSubject: Re: All about Budgerigar   Wed Feb 10, 2010 5:10 pm

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