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Join date : 2010-02-06
|Subject: GERMAN SHEPHERD BREED STANDARD Tue Feb 09, 2010 10:00 am|| |
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SG2 NATIONAL SIEGER PHILIPPINE CHAMPION OLYMPUS
1) Angulation and Movement
The German Shepherd Dog is a
trotter. His gait exhibits diagonal movement, i.e., the hind foot and the
forefoot on opposite sides move simultaneously. The limbs, therefore, must be
so similarly proportioned to one another, i.e. angulated, that the action of
the rear as it carries through to the middle of the body and is matched by an
equally far-reaching forehand causes no essential change in the topline.
Every tendency toward overangulation of the rear quarters diminishes soundess
and endurance. The correct proportions of height to length and corresponding
length of the leg bones results in a ground-eating gait that is low to the
ground and imparts an impression of effortless progression. With his head
thrust forward and a slightly raised tail, a balanced and even trotter will
have a topline that falls in moderate curves from the tip of the ears over
the neck and level back through the tip of the tail.
2) Temperament, Character and
Sound nerves, alertness,
self-confidence, trainability, watchfulness, loyalty and incorruptibility, as
well as courage, fighting drive and hardness, are the outstanding
characteristics of a purebred German Shepherd Dog. They make his suitable to
be a superior working dog in general, and in particular to be a guard, companion,
protection and herding dog.
His ample scenting abilities, added to his conformation as a trotter, make it
possible for him to quietly and surely work out a track without bodily strain
and with his nose close to the ground. This makes him highly useful as a
multipurpose track and search dog.
The head should be in proportion
to the body size (in length approximately 40% of the height at the withers)
and not coarse, overrefined or overstretched(snipey). In general appearance,
it should be dry with moderate breadth between the ears.
The forehead when viewed from the front or side is only slightly arched. It
should be without a center furrow or with only a slightly defined furrow.
The cheeks form a gentle curve laterally without protrusion toward the front.
When viewed from above, the skull (approximately 50% of the entire head
length) tapers gradually and evenly from the ears to the tip of the nose,
with a sloping rather than a sharply defined stop and into a long, dry
wedge-shaped muzzle (the upper and lower jaws must be strongly developed.)
The width of the skull should correspond approximately to the length of the
skull. Also, a slight oversize in the case of males or undersize in the case
of females is not objectionable.
The muzzle is strong; the lips are firm and dry and close tightly.
The bridge of the nose is straight and runs nearly parallel with the plane of
Dentition must be healthy, strong
and complete (42 teeth, 20 in the upper jaw and 22 in the lower jaw). The German
Shepherd Dog has a scissors bite, e.g. the incisors must meet each other in a
scissorslike fashion, with the outer surface of the incisors of the lower jaw
sliding next to the inner surface of the incisors of the upper jaw.
An undershot or overshot bite if faulty, as are large gaps between the teeth.
A level bite is faulty, as the incisors close on a straight line.
The jaws must be strongly developed so that the teeth may be deeply rooted.
The ears are of medium size, wide
at the base and set high. They taper to a point and are carried facing
forward and vertically (the tips not inclined toward each other). Tipped,
cropped and hanging ears are rejected. Ears drawn toward each other greatly
impair the general appearance. The ears of puppies and young dogs sometiems
drop or pull toward each other during the teething period, which can last
until six months of age and sometimes longer.
Many dogs draw their ears back during motion or at rest. This is not faulty.
The eyes are of medium size, almond
shaped, somewhat slanting and not protruding.
The color of the eyes should blend with the color of the coat. They should be
as dark as possible. They should have a lively, intelligent and
The neck should be strong with
well-developed muscles and without looseness of the throat skin (dewlaps).
The neck is carried at an angle of about 45 degrees to the horizontal. It is
carried higher when excited and lower when trotting.
The body length should exceed the
height at the withers. It shouldamount to about 110 to 117% of the height at
the witthers. Dogs with a short, square or tall build are undesirable.
The chest is deep (approximately 45 to 48% of the height at the withers) but
not too wide. The underchest should be as long as possible and pronounced.
The ribs should be well formed and long, neither barrel shaped nor too flat.
They should reach the sternum, which is at the same level as the elbows. A
correctly formed rib cage allows the elbows freedom of movement when the dogs
trots. A too round rib cage disrupts the motion of the elbows and causes them
to turn out. A too flat rib cage draws the elbows in toward one another. The
rib cage extends far back so that the loins are relatively short.
The abdomen is moderately tucked up. The back, including the loins, is
straight and strongly developed yet not too long between the withers and the
croup. The withers must be long and high, sloping slightly from front to
rear, defined against the back into which it gently blends without breaking
the topline. The loins must be wide, strong and well muscled.
The croup is long and slightly angled (approximately 23 degrees). The ileum
and the sacrum are the foundation bones of the croup. Short, steep or flat
croups are undesirable.
The tail is bushy and should reach
at least to the hock joint but not beyond the middle of the hocks. Sometimes
the tail forms a hook to one side at its end, though this is undesirable. At
rest the tail is carried in a gentle downward curve, but when the dog is
excited or in motion, it is curved more and carried higher. The tail should
never be raised past the vertical. The tail, therefore, should not be carried
straight or curled over the back.
Docked tails are inadmissible.
The shoulder blade should be long
with an oblique placement (the angle at 45 degrees) and lying flat against
the body. The upper arm joins the shoulder blade in an approximate right
angle. The upper arm as well as the shoulder must be strong and well muscled.
The forearm must be straight when viewed from all sides. The bones of the
uppper arm and forearm are more oval than round.
The pasterns should be firm but neither too steep nor too down in pastern
(Approximately 20 degrees).
The elbows must be neither turned in nor turned out. the length of the leg
bones should exceed the depth of the chest (approximately 55%).
The thigh is broad and well
muscled. The upper thigh bone when viewed from the side joins the only
slightly longer lower thigh bone at an angle of approximately 120 degrees.
The angulation corresponds roughly to the forequarter angulation without
being overangulated. The hock joint is strong and firm. The hock is strong
and forms a firm joint with the lower thigh. The entire hindquarters must be
strong and well muscled to be capable of carrying the body effortlessly
forward during motion.
The feet are relatively round,
short, tightly formed and arched. The pads are very hard, but not chapped.
The anils are short, strong and of a dark color. Dewclaws sometime appear on
the hind legs and should be removed within the first few days of birth.
Color should be black with regular
markings in brown, tan to light gray, also with a black saddle, dark sable
(black cover on a gray or light brown case with corresponding lighter marks),
black, uniform gray or with light or brown markings. Small white markings on
the forechest or a very light color on the insides of the legs are
permissible though not desired. The nose must be black with all coat colors.
(Dogs with little or no masks, yellow or strikingly light eyes, light
markings on the chest and insides of the legs, white nails and a red tip of
the tail or washed out weak colors are considered lacking in pigment.) The
undercoat or base hair is always light gray, with the exception of that on
black dogs. the final color of a puppy is only determined when the outer coat
a) The medium smooth coated German
The outer coat should be as thick
as possible. The individual hairs are straight, coarse and lying flat against
the body. The coat is short on the head inclusive of the ears, the front of
the legs, the feet and the toes but longer and thicker on the neck. The hair
grows longer on the back of the fore- and hind legs as far down as the
pastern and the hock joint, forming moderate breeching on the thighs. the
length of the hair varies, and due to these differences in length, there are
many intermediate forms. A too short or molelike coat is faulty.
b) The long smooth coated German
The individual hairs are longer,
not always straight and above all not lying close to the body. The coat is
considerably longer inside and behind the ears, on the back of the forearm and
usually in the loin area. now and then there will be tufts in the ears and
feathering from elbow to pastern. The breeching along the thigh is long and
thick. The tail is bushy with slight feathering underneath. the
long-smooth-coat is not as weatherproof as the medium-smooth-coat and is
therefore undesirable; however, provided there is sufficient undercoat, it
may be passed for breeding, as long as the breed regulations of the countr
With the long smooth coated German Shepherd Dog, a narrow chest and narrow
overstretched muzzle are frequently found.
c) The long coated German Shepherd
The coat is considerably longer
than that of the long-smooth-coat. It is generally very soft and forms a
parting along the back. The udnercoat will be found in the region of the
loins or will not be present at all. A long coat is greatly diminished in
weatherproofing and utility and therefore is undesirable.
Faults include anything that
impairs working versatility, endurance and working competency, especially
lack of sex characteristics and temperament traits contrary to the German
Shepherd Dog such as apathy, weak nerves or overexcitability, shyness; lack
of vitality or willingness to work; monorchids and cryptorchids and testicles
too small; a soft or flabby constitution and a lack of substance; fading
pigment; blues, albinos (with complete lack of pigmentation, e.g. pink nose,
etc.) and whites (near to pure white with black nose); over and under size;
stunted growth; high-legged dogs and those with an overloaded forechest; a
disproportionaltely short, too refined or coarse build; a soft back, too
steep a placement of the limbs and anything depreciating the reach and
endurance of gait; a muzzle that is too short, blunt, weak , pointed or
narrow and lacks strength; an over-or undershot bite or any other faults of
dentition, especially weak or worn teeth; a coat that is too soft, too short
or too long; a lack of undercoat; hanging ears, a permanently faulty ear
carriage or cropped ears; a ringed, curled or generally faulty tail set; a
docked tail (stumpy) or a naturally short tail.
above standard was approved and put into effect for the countries and clubs
of the FCI. The name of the breed is the German Shepherd Dog. The country of
origin is Germany.
SCHUTZHUND USA March/April 1989 "The German Shepherd Standard" by
Morton Goldfarb USA/SV/AKC Judge]
Posts : 19
Join date : 2010-02-06
Posts : 678
Join date : 2010-02-04
|Subject: German Shepherd Thu Feb 11, 2010 7:28 am|| |
German Shepherd Dog Breed Standard
The first impression of a good German Shepherd Dog is that of a strong, agile, well muscled animal, alert and full of life. It is well balanced, with harmonious development of the forequarter and hindquarter. The dog is longer than tall, deep-bodied, and presents an outline of smooth curves rather than angles. It looks substantial and not spindly, giving the impression, both at rest and in motion, of muscular fitness and nimbleness without any look of clumsiness or soft living. The ideal dog is stamped with a look of quality and nobility--difficult to define, but unmistakable when present. Secondary sex characteristics are strongly marked, and every animal gives a definite impression of masculinity or femininity, according to its sex.
The breed has a distinct personality marked by direct and fearless, but not hostile, expression, self-confidence and a certain aloofness that does not lend itself to immediate and indiscriminate friendships. The dog must be approachable, quietly standing its ground and showing confidence and willingness to meet overtures without itself making them. It is poised, but when the occasion demands, eager and alert; both fit and willing to serve in its capacity as companion, watchdog, blind leader, herding dog, or guardian, whichever the circumstances may demand. The dog must not be timid, shrinking behind its master or handler; it should not be nervous, looking about or upward with anxious expression or showing nervous reactions, such as tucking of tail, to strange sounds or sights. Lack of confidence under any surroundings is not typical of good character. Any of the above deficiencies in character which indicate shyness must be penalized as very serious faults and any dog exhibiting pronounced indications of these must be excused from the ring. It must be possible for the judge to observe the teeth and to determine that both testicles are descended. Any dog that attempts to bite the judge must be disqualified. The ideal dog is a working animal with an incorruptible character combined with body and gait suitable for the arduous work that constitutes its primary purpose.
Size, Proportion, Substance
The desired height for males at the top of the highest point of the shoulder blade is 24 to 26 inches; and for bitches, 22 to 24 inches.
The German Shepherd Dog is longer than tall, with the most desirable proportion as 10 to 8½. The length is measured from the point of the prosternum or breastbone to the rear edge of the pelvis, the ischial tuberosity. The desirable long proportion is not derived from a long back, but from overall length with relation to height, which is achieved by length of forequarter and length of withers and hindquarter, viewed from the side.
The head is noble, cleanly chiseled, strong without coarseness, but above all not fine, and in proportion to the body. The head of the male is distinctly masculine, and that of the **** distinctly feminine.
The expression keen, intelligent and composed. Eyes of medium size, almond shaped, set a little obliquely and not protruding. The color is as dark as possible. Ears are moderately pointed, in proportion to the skull, open toward the front, and carried erect when at attention, the ideal carriage being one in which the center lines of the ears, viewed from the front, are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the ground. A dog with cropped or hanging ears must be disqualified.
Seen from the front the forehead is only moderately arched, and the skull slopes into the long, wedge-shaped muzzle without abrupt stop. The muzzle is long and strong, and its topline is parallel to the topline of the skull. Nose black. A dog with a nose that is not predominantly black must be disqualified. The lips are firmly fitted. Jaws are strongly developed. Teeth --42 in number--20 upper and 22 lower--are strongly developed and meet in a scissors bite in which part of the inner surface of the upper incisors meet and engage part of the outer surface of the lower incisors. An overshot jaw or a level bite is undesirable. An undershot jaw is a disqualifying fault. Complete dentition is to be preferred. Any missing teeth other than first premolars is a serious fault.
Neck, Topline, Body
The neck is strong and muscular, clean-cut and relatively long, proportionate in size to the head and without loose folds of skin. When the dog is at attention or excited, the head is raised and the neck carried high; otherwise typical carriage of the head is forward rather than up and but little higher than the top of the shoulders, particularly in motion.
Topline-- The withers are higher than and sloping into the level back. The back is straight, very strongly developed without sag or roach, and relatively short.
The whole structure of the body gives an impression of depth and solidity without bulkiness.
Chest--Commencing at the prosternum, it is well filled and carried well down between the legs. It is deep and capacious, never shallow, with ample room for lungs and heart, carried well forward, with the prosternum showing ahead of the shoulder in profile. Ribs well sprung and long, neither barrel-shaped nor too flat, and carried down to a sternum which reaches to the elbows. Correct ribbing allows the elbows to move back freely when the dog is at a trot. Too round causes interference and throws the elbows out; too flat or short causes pinched elbows. Ribbing is carried well back so that the loin is relatively short. Abdomen firmly held and not paunchy. The bottom line is only moderately tucked up in the loin.
Loin Viewed from the top, broad and strong. Undue length between the last rib and the thigh, when viewed from the side, is undesirable. Croup long and gradually sloping.
Tail bushy, with the last vertebra extended at least to the hock joint. It is set smoothly into the croup and low rather than high. At rest, the tail hangs in a slight curve like a saber. A slight hook- sometimes carried to one side-is faulty only to the extent that it mars general appearance. When the dog is excited or in motion, the curve is accentuated and the tail raised, but it should never be curled forward beyond a vertical line. Tails too short, or with clumpy ends due to ankylosis, are serious faults. A dog with a docked tail must be disqualified.
The shoulder blades are long and obliquely angled, laid on flat and not placed forward. The upper arm joins the shoulder blade at about a right angle. Both the upper arm and the shoulder blade are well muscled. The forelegs, viewed from all sides, are straight and the bone oval rather than round. The pasterns are strong and springy and angulated at approximately a 25-degree angle from the vertical. Dewclaws on the forelegs may be removed, but are normally left on. The feet are short, compact with toes well arched, pads thick and firm, nails short and dark.
The whole assembly of the thigh, viewed from the side, is broad, with both upper and lower thigh well muscled, forming as nearly as possible a right angle. The upper thigh bone parallels the shoulder blade while the lower thigh bone parallels the upper arm. The metatarsus (the unit between the hock joint and the foot) is short, strong and tightly articulated. The dewclaws, if any, should be removed from the hind legs. Feet as in front.
The ideal dog has a double coat of medium length. The outer coat should be as dense as possible, hair straight, harsh and lying close to the body. A slightly wavy outer coat, often of wiry texture, is permissible. The head, including the inner ear and foreface, and the legs and paws are covered with short hair, and the neck with longer and thicker hair. The rear of the forelegs and hind legs has somewhat longer hair extending to the pastern and hock, respectively. Faults in coat include soft, silky, too long outer coat, woolly, curly, and open coat.
The German Shepherd Dog varies in color, and most colors are permissible. Strong rich colors are preferred. Pale, washed-out colors and blues or livers are serious faults. A white dog must be disqualified.
A German Shepherd Dog is a trotting dog, and its structure has been developed to meet the requirements of its work. General Impression-- The gait is outreaching, elastic, seemingly without effort, smooth and rhythmic, covering the maximum amount of ground with the minimum number of steps. At a walk it covers a great deal of ground, with long stride of both hind legs and forelegs. At a trot the dog covers still more ground with even longer stride, and moves powerfully but easily, with coordination and balance so that the gait appears to be the steady motion of a well-lubricated machine. The feet travel close to the ground on both forward reach and backward push. In order to achieve ideal movement of this kind, there must be good muscular development and ligamentation. The hindquarters deliver, through the back, a powerful forward thrust which slightly lifts the whole animal and drives the body forward. Reaching far under, and passing the imprint left by the front foot, the hind foot takes hold of the ground; then hock, stifle and upper thigh come into play and sweep back, the stroke of the hind leg finishing with the foot still close to the ground in a smooth follow-through. The overreach of the hindquarter usually necessitates one hind foot passing outside and the other hind foot passing inside the track of the forefeet, and such action is not faulty unless the locomotion is crabwise with the dog’s body sideways out of the normal straight line.
Transmission The typical smooth, flowing gait is maintained with great strength and firmness of back. The whole effort of the hindquarter is transmitted to the forequarter through the loin, back and withers. At full trot, the back must remain firm and level without sway, roll, whip or roach. Unlevel topline with withers lower than the hip is a fault. To compensate for the forward motion imparted by the hindquarters, the shoulder should open to its full extent. The forelegs should reach out close to the ground in a long stride in harmony with that of the hindquarters. The dog does not track on widely separated parallel lines, but brings the feet inward toward the middle line of the body when trotting, in order to maintain balance. The feet track closely but do not strike or cross over. Viewed from the front, the front legs function from the shoulder joint to the pad in a straight line. Viewed from the rear, the hind legs function from the hip joint to the pad in a straight line. Faults of gait, whether from front, rear or side, are to be considered very serious faults.
Cropped or hanging ears.
Dogs with noses not predominantly black.
Any dog that attempts to bite the judge.
Approved February 11, 1978
Reformatted July 11, 1994
Posts : 85
Murphy Cubao Q.C.
Join date : 2010-02-09
|Subject: Re: German Shepherd Thu Feb 11, 2010 5:44 pm|| |
Posts : 126
Join date : 2010-02-10
|Subject: Re: German Shepherd Fri Mar 26, 2010 8:58 pm|| |
guyz post nmn kau ng mga pics ng GSD nyo dito.
Posts : 126
Join date : 2010-02-10
Posts : 33
Join date : 2011-05-08
|Subject: Re: German Shepherd Mon May 09, 2011 8:10 pm|| |
|Subject: Re: German Shepherd || |
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